The Gobi Bear is a sub-species of the Brown Bear (Ursus arctos gobiensis), known in Mongolia as the Malazai. Recent population estimates claim that their may be just about 22-31 individuals remaining in the wild. Competition with cattle for the scarce vegetation that they consume, the effects of climate change, and poaching are the main conservation threats the Gobi Bear faces.
More on the conservation of Gobi Bears- http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/extinction-countdown/2012/11/20/last-22-gobi-bears-endangered-climate-change-mongolia/
This work by Rohan Chakravarty is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.